The Dooars beckons to all those who love nature and wishes to explore and experience its virgin beauty and bounty. Meandering and innumerable streams,rivulets and rivers with the hills as background make this plain land home of wildlife and tea estate. Its irresistible range of high hills and lofty mountains with virgin trekking routes, magnificent verdant forests and rich wildlife is awe inspiring. Dooars lush green tea gardens and its pluralized society enriched by many tribes and indigenous people are just too tempting to be missed out on.The cultural diversities, is unparalleled as more than 20 tribes are settled in this region. Mecheni dance, Bhawaiya folk music and Rava dance are some of the distinct elements which have gained national and international fame and can be found or heard here.
The Dooars is a large region and is dotted with many towns and cities. The largest city in the whole region stretching from the Darjeeling foothills to the Arunachal Pradesh foothills is Siliguri. This northern Bengal city is well connected with the rest of country by road, air and railway and is the business hub of the region. The other major cities are Kokrajhar, Bongaigaon, Goalpara, Barpeta and Dhubri in Assam. Cooch Behar, Alipurduar, Jalpaiguri, Dhupguri, Malbazar, Mainaguri and Birpara are the major cities of the Dooars in West Bengal, and Kishanganj in Bihar. Also, the commercial capital of Bhutan, Phuentsholing, near Jaigaon, can be considered a part of this region.
Darjeeling Tourist Place
- GENERAL INFORMATION
- HISTORY OF DOOARS
- CULTURE OF DOOARS
the Dooars or Duars are the alluvial floodplains in northeastern India that lie south of the outer foothills of the Himalayas and north of the Brahmaputra River basin. This region is about 30 km (19 mi) wide and stretches over about 350 km (220 mi) from the Teesta River in West Bengal to the Dhanshiri River in Assam. The region forms the gateway to Bhutan. It is part of the Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands ecoregion.
Dooars means 'doors' in Assamese, Bengali, Maithili, Bhojpuri, Magahi and Telugu languages. There are 18 passages or gateways between the hills in Bhutan and the plains in India. This region is divided by the Sankosh River into Eastern and Western Dooars, consisting of an area of 880 km2 (340 sq mi). The Western Dooars are also known as the Bengal Dooars, and the Eastern Dooars also as the Assam Dooars. Dooars is analogous with the Terai in northern India and southern Nepal.
The Dooars belonged to the Kamata Kingdom under the Koch dynasty and taking advantage of the weakness of the Koch kingdom in subsequent times, Bhutan took possession of the Dooars. This region was controlled by the kingdom of Bhutan when the British annexed it in 1865 after the Bhutan War under the command of Captain Hedayat Ali. The area was divided into two parts: the eastern part was merged with Goalpara district in Assam and the western part was turned into a new district named Western Dooars. Again in the year 1869, the name was changed to Jalpaiguri District. After the end of the British rule in India in 1947, the Dooars acceded into the dominion of India and it merged with the Union of India shortly afterwards in 1949.
The average rainfall of the area is about 3,500 mm. Monsoon generally starts from the middle of May and continues till the end of September. Winters are cold with foggy mornings and nights. Summer is mild and constitutes a very short period of the year.
The economy of Dooars is based on three "T"s – Tea, Tourism and Timber. The main industry of the Dooars region is the tea industry. Thousands of people are engaged in the tea estates and factories. Several people are also engaged in the cultivation of bettlenuts which also contributes to the economy. Cultivation of other crops is done mainly for local consumption.
The main mode of transport in the area is roadways. Most of the places are well connected by roads. NH31 is the main highway of the area. Asian Highway AH48 is being constructed through the Dooars region.
Regular bus services provided by North Bengal State Transport Corporation and Assam State Transport Corporation and other private parties run between all the important places of the area. Shared jeeps and maxi-taxies are quite popular in the area. There are some important railway stations in the area such as New Jalpaiguri, New Cooch Behar, Alipurduar, New Bongaigaon, hasimara, etc. An important rail route between Alipurduar Junction and New Jalpaiguri via Malbazar covers almost the entire Dooars.
Two important airports of the area are Bagdogra Airport near Siliguri and Guwahati Airport. Another airport is proposed to start in Cooch Behar shortly.
The culture of Dooars is fascinating and captivating. It tells us about the people of the place, their lifestyle and their beliefs. Observing the culture of Dooars gives you a fair idea about the traditions and practices that are still followed by the locals.
The festivals, the events, the attractions, all reflect the culture of Dooars in one way or the other. Tourism has picked up in the last decade or so and the local people are generally quite friendly towards the tourists. Come and be mesmerized by the intoxicating culture of Dooars.
Culture of Dooars - brings you complete information on Dooars people, Dooars culture and Festival of Dooars also provides information on Dooars Food and other informations.Culture of Dooars - provides information about Dooars art & culture, people, festivals. Explore Dooars food , religion, languages and culture of Dooars.
Dooars Places of Interest
It was declared as a National Park in the year 1992. Earlier in the year 1949 it was known as a wildlife sanctuary, river Murti, Jaldhaka and Ingdong drains this park forming a water body known for birding. This national park is famous for the breeding of the rare one - horned rhinoceros. Elephant ride and Jeep safari can help you spot the mighty bison, leopard or spotted deer and peacocks. The other mammals found here are, sambar, hog deer, reptiles, huge wild tuskers, wild boars and the rarest variety of animals and birds. It is a paradise for lovers of nature and adventurer. Nearby there are many a spot to visit. Watchtowers at Chuk chuki, and Jatra Prasad, Toto Para, Chapramari amidst of forests, rivers and wildlife will definitely instill new life and inspiration in a tourist for ever. Bison and Elephant herds roam around freely as this is one of the major elephant corridors. Its fascinating diversity of flora and fauna and the vast texture of huge trees sheltering varieties of orchids will impress tourist and academician equally.
This small settlement is situated on the bank of River Jayanti. A spot with natural beauty forms a natural border with Bhutan. A 14 kilometer trek will take you to Buxa. Buxa is known as the Buxa Tiger Reserve. Another option is a short trek to the stalactite cave otherwise known as the Mahakal cave. Jayanti, Buxa and Rajabhatkhawa serves as international corridor for elephant migration between India and Bhutan. Jayanti forest range covers approximately around 780 square kilometers. Migratory birds like Goosanders, Ibis Bill, Fork-tails and many other species of birds visit the swift rivers of Rydak and Jayanti.
Buxa Fort is located at an altitude of 867 metres (2,844 ft) in the Buxa Tiger Reserve, Alipurduar district, West Bengal. It is located 30 kilometres (19 mi) from Alipurduar, the nearest town. The Bhutan King used the fort to protect the portion of famous Silk Route connecting Tibet with India, via Bhutan. Still later during unrest in Occupation of Tibet, hundreds of refugees arrived at the place and used the then abandoned fort as refuge.
This tiger reserve forest abounds in a fascinating diversity of flora and fauna. The surrounding region is home to the tribes like Mech, Rava, Oraon, Munda, Kora and even the smallest surviving tribe, the Toto. It is one of the reserve forests stretching to Bhutan as Phipsu reserve and to Rasikbill near Cooch Behar and is drained by rivers like Sankosh, Raidak, Jayanti, Churnia, Turturi, Phashkhawa, Dima and Nonani. Elephants and leopard can be spotted very frequently. A small pond, locally known as pokhri on hilltop with innumerable numbers of tortoise is a treat to watch. Declared as National Park in January 1992 and is well maintained with an orchid house and leopard rehabilitation centre.
Chapramari forests is essentially a continuation of the Gorumara National Park. The two forests are divided by the Murti River. The North East side of the river is Chapramari Wild Life Sanctuary whereas the South West side is where Gorumara is located.
If you are travelling through Dooars via National Highway 31, the forests you see on both sides of the road between Chalsa and Nagrakata is part of Chapramari WLS. The forest is relatively small in size but is one of the oldest in India. It was declared a reserve forest back in 1895. The West side of the river is bounded by River Murti and on the Eastern side by river Jaldhaka. The total area of the forest is about 10 square km. In the recent past, the area has come up as an important tourist destination in Western Dooars.
Throughout its journey Jaldhaka has created several tourist destinations in Dooars. Most important among them from tourism perspective is the Jaldhaka Valley which roughly covers the area between Bindu where the Jaldhaka river enters India and. The valley of Jaldhaka, at 1500ft above sea level is a old tourist destination that has gained in prominance in recent past. Situated on the hill section of Gorubathan under Kalimpong Sub-division it is cut off from the rest of the district by a mountain ridge descending south-west from Reche-la and is separated from Bhutan by the De-chu or Jaldhaka River.
At a distance of 82 km from Siliguri, it takes about 3 hours to reach Samsing from Siliguri through the most picturesque landscape. As you enter Dooars through the National Highway 31, you will cross Malbazar to reach Chalsa. From Chalsa take a left turn and drive on for 15 kms via Meteli to reach Samsing. The last few kilometres drive is a feast for the eyes as you pass through some of the most picturesque tea gardens of Dooars including the Chalsa Tea Garden, Zurantee Tea Garden and Samsing Tea Garden. The road is relatively narrow but there are few vehicles traveling through this route as the road ends at Samsing.
At a distance of 55 kms from Siliguri and 65 km from Jalpaiguri, Malbazar is one of the most important towns in Dooars. The town is strategically located on the NH31 providing close access to major tourist attractions around. The town itself does not have much to offer to the tourists except for the beautiful Mal Park. If you are planning to visit Eastern Dooars. Gorumara National Park, Chapramari Wild Life Sanctuary, Gorubathan, Jhalong, Bindu, Samsing, Suntalekhola; Malbazar can easily be your base. Kumlai is a famous picnic spot of Malbazar. The Siliguri - Alipurduar broadgauge inter city express passes through Malbazar. This is one of the most beautiful train rides anywhere. The train passes through some of the best forests of the region. Unfortunately accidents on this line is not uncommon leading to death of wildlife, mainly elephants.
Gajoldoba is a reservoir formed by the first Teesta Barrage, which was built for irrigational purposes. It is surrounded by the Baikunthapur forests, and is an hour's drive from Jalpaiguri. The reservoir is used by many water birds from Ladakh and Central Asia – Little Grebe, Great Crested Grebe, Bar-headed Goose, Greylag Goose, Lesser Whistling Duck, Ruddy Shelduck, Common Shelduck, Cotton Teal, Tufted Duck, Common Teal, Eurasian Wigeon, Spot-billed Duck, Mallard, Great Cormorant, Indian Cormorant, Little Cormorant, Indian Pond Heron, Grey Heron, Purple Heron, Northern Lapwing, River Lapwing, Grey-headed Lapwing, Little Ringed Plover, etc.
The location of Gajaldoba is also quite advantageous. The place can be reached from Siliguri (30 kms, 1 hour) or Jalpaiguri town (40 kms, 1.5 hours). Oodlabari is 20 kms (45 minutes) and Gorumara National Park area is about 26 kms.
This is one of the most visited sites of Dooars and preferable time to visit is from September end to mid May. This is a bird watcher’s paradise. The rare Bengal Florican can be spotted here along with hornbill, racket - tailed drongo and paradise flycatcher. One can also find the rarest variety of animals and birds including peacocks. The Sanctuary remains closed during May 15th to September 15th. It is one of the oldest sanctuaries, established in 1941. It is similar to the savannah of South America with elephant grasses, interspersed with trees and bamboo. One - horned rhinoceros, an animal threatened with extinction ca be found here in abundance along with leopards, elephants, sambhar, barking deer, spotted deer, hog deer, and herds of wild boars and bison. Elephant safaris is one of the most sort after entertainment and even Jeep safaris are sometime missed by traveler. One can run wild in the various Sanctuaries, National Parks & Tiger Reserves that are on offer in this region. Visit to Toto Para, a small village, which is home to the primitive Toto tribe, who number just a couple of hundreds can be arranged.
Coochbehar is one of the Easternmost towns of Dooars and a town with great historical significance. The place got its name from the Cooch dynasty which made this town its capital for more than 400 years. It became part of India at the time of India's Independence. Coochbehar is now a district of West Bengal. The centre of tourist attraction in the town is the Raj Palace. It was established by King Nripendra Narayan Bhup Bahadur in 1887. The huge palace is built in Indo-Saracenic Revival architecture combining British architectural style with Mughal style. The place is made of red bricks and is said to be inspired by Buckinghum palace. King Nripendra Narayan got his education at London. The palace is inspired by Italian renaissance. The original palace was 3 storied high but the third floor was destroyed during the great earthquake of 1897 measuring 8.7 in Richter scale. The building covers an area of 4,700 square meters. The Length of the palace is 120 meters North to South and the width East to West is 90 meters.